The therapeutic and medical uses of vet CBD makes it useful for treating a wide variety of ailments in pets. This is due to cannabidiol’s positive effect on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) that regulates the homeostasis in all vertebrate mammals. As a result, medical-grade CBD pet products are effective for treating the symptoms of autoimmune diseases in dogs. Autoimmune disease is a generic term used for a range of illnesses, and they are caused due to autoimmunity, i.e. immune system attacking the healthy cells and tissues. Shared below are details on how CBD is useful in treating autoimmune diseases in dogs.
The Cause Of Autoimmune Diseases
The autoimmune disease includes all ailments due to autoimmunity, and they can become life-threatening if not taken care of on time. Some of them are irritable bowel syndrome, bullous pemphigoid, rheumatoid arthritis, Cushing’s disease, and several others. They are lifelong conditions and hence can affect the lifestyle of your pet. These diseases are caused due to genetics, environmental factors like exposure to UV light, and even by some medications like sulpha drugs that are used for bowel, urinary tract, and respiratory infections. Furthermore, some veterinarians hypothesize that it is also caused due to over-vaccination. Keep in mind that this condition cannot be cured, and the focus of most treatments is to manage the symptoms.
The Symptoms Of Autoimmune Diseases
Typically, dogs show the symptoms of autoimmune diseases around the age of six or more. They can appear either in the region affected by the disease, or all over the body, and it varies depending on the type of disease. Besides, the primary symptoms also vary according to the type of autoimmune disease. Listed below are some of the common symptoms of autoimmune disease in dogs.
- Increased urination and thirst
- Ulcers on feet and face
- Thyroid issue
- Excess bleeding
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Anorexia or weight loss
- Skin, eye, or nose discoloration
Autoimmune diseases cause multiple issues due to autoimmunity. For instance, it causes lupus that affects the brain, digestive system, and skin. Another more well-known ailment, especially in older dogs is rheumatoid arthritis; it causes joint inflammation. Often, inflammation is a common symptom, and it can worsen depending on the severity of the condition. Veterinarians run tests like biopsies and blood tests to identify the exact type of autoimmune disease of your dog.
Treating Autoimmune Diseases
Normally the symptoms of autoimmune diseases are treated using steroids and other pharmaceutical medicines to suppress the aggressive immune system. Their main purpose is to reduce the inflammation that causes complications. However, due to suppressed immunity, your dog can become more susceptible to infections. Apart from medications, a change in diet can help with improving immune system health as it is linked to gut health. So, you must reduce kibble and switch to a freeze-dried diet for your pet. This reduces the inflammation and helps with managing the symptoms of autoimmune disease. On top of this, you can also include probiotics, mineral supplements, and digestive enzymes to ensure the digestive health of your pet.
Vet CBD For Autoimmune Disease In Dogs
The main reason CBD is useful for treating the symptoms of autoimmune diseases in dogs is due to its anti-inflammatory effect. Medical cannabidiol products like oils used for this are made using full-spectrum hemp plant extract. It contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids naturally found in the hemp plant, and because of this, it has the added benefit of the entourage effect. The cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the oil work synergistically to enhance the individual effect of each cannabinoid. Besides, vet CBD is preferred by many pet owners due to its lack of side-effects.
Apart from CBD’s anti-inflammatory effect, its analgesic effect is also useful for reducing the pain due to autoimmune diseases in dogs. The other cannabinoids found in hemp plants like CBC, CBG, and THCV also have anti-inflammatory effects. This effect of cannabinoids is brought about in multiple ways. They inhibit cell proliferation by controlling apoptosis, induce T regulatory cells, and suppresses cytokinin production. Cannabinoids induce apoptotic mechanisms in immune cells like caspase and Bcl-2 cascade by activating of CD95. Studies have also shown that cannabinoids promote the production of anti-inflammatory interleukins like IL-10.
Cannabidiol (CBD) also boosts immunity because it binds with CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), and these receptors are mainly part of the immune system. So, administering CBD oil to your dog helps to suppress the immune response due to autoimmune disease. Also, studies using the AI model revealed that CBD modulated the immune system, rather than suppressing it. Apart from this, it was found that cannabidiol suppressed the memory of the immune system, as well as slowed down the production of T cells. Other studies have found that cannabidiol increased the expression of genes that protects cells from autoimmune attack.
Finally, more researches are conducted to better understand how cannabidiol (CBD) works to reduce the symptoms of autoimmune diseases in animals so that it can be used in conventional treatment.