CBD for pets is popular among pet owners due to its many therapeutic and medical benefits. Because of this, the market for cannabidiol pet health and wellness products is growing rapidly, and manufacturers are introducing a plethora of new items. Besides, for your pet to experience the maximum benefit, you must administer them the right way, and this mainly depends on the type of product. The most popular and widely used cannabidiol pet product is CBD oil because of its versatility.
What Is Bioavailability?
Bioavailability is the fraction of drug in a dose that reaches the bloodstream after consuming it. In pharmacology, it comes under the category of drug absorption, and it mainly depends on the method of consumption. Hence, it influences the quality and duration of the effects of any drug, and this is true for CBD oil as well.
CBD can be administered to dogs through different methods that have varying levels of bioavailability. Some of the common cannabidiol products are capsules, oils, tinctures, edibles like treats, and topicals. Of these, tinctures have the highest bioavailability, i.e. up to 80%, topical CBD has the lowest bioavailability because the permeability of the skin is low, while the bioavailability of edibles and capsules is between the two.
The bioavailability of CBD capsules and edibles is low because they must pass through the gastrointestinal tract to be absorbed into the bloodstream. This results in loss of CBD due to reaction with digestive enzymes, as well as due to filtration in the intestines. Also, there is a loss due to the first-pass metabolism in the liver. Due to these reasons, less cannabidiol is available for the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of your pet dog.
What Does The Research Say?
It has been found from research that CBD for dogs is more readily absorbed compared to traditional medicines. This increases its effectiveness in treating the symptoms of various ailments. Dogs have higher amounts of cannabinoid receptors of the ECS, especially in their central nervous system; so, their ECS utilizes CBD more effectively. However, this also makes them more sensitive to THC, and it is harmful as it affects their balance.
How To Administer CBD For Dogs?
CBD oil is administered to dogs for medical purposes, and this can be done in different ways.
- Directly in the gums
- Directly onto the ear
- With CBD treats
Administering CBD Directly In The Gums: The best way to administer CBD oil for dogs is to directly add it to their gums. Here cannabidiol is absorbed into the bloodstream through the oral mucous membrane. The bioavailability of this method is higher as it bypasses the gastrointestinal tract and the first-pass metabolism in the liver. Furthermore, it is ideal for reducing the severity of symptoms like chronic pain due to arthritis in older dogs.
Administering CBD Onto The Ears: This method is also known as the transdermal application of CBD oil. It is rubbed in the area of the ear where the fur stops growing as the skin here is thin, and has many blood vessels. Besides, this method is suitable for those dogs where the previous method of administering CBD oil is impossible.
Micro-Dosing CBD For Dogs
Micro-dosing is a method where you break the daily dose of CBD oil into smaller doses and administer it through the day at fixed intervals. The advantage of this method is that the CBD levels in the blood can be maintained for a longer period and thereby its effects. You must also know that the half-life of CBD for dogs, when consumed orally, is between 4 to 6 hours. This method is especially suitable for managing chronic symptoms like pain and seizures, as well as anxiety.
When micro-dosing CBD oil for your dog, you must fully clear the dropper after administering it each time. This ensures that excess amount of CBD is not consumed by your pet and eliminates the risk of overdosing. There is another risk of CBD oil being partially broken down by the bacteria in the mouth of your dog, and this can reduce its effectiveness.
Using Topical CBD For Dogs
You can use topical CBD products for your dog as it gives quick localized relief from the symptoms of ailments. Also, keep in mind that here CBD does not enter the bloodstream and produces its effects by interacting with cannabinoid receptors of the ECS found on the dog’s skin. It can be used for reducing inflammation due to diseases like arthritis, rashes due to allergies or skin diseases, heal minor wounds, etc. But you should know that CBD’s permeability on the skin is low, and hence, you must apply high concentration on the affected area. CBD is effective when applied topically because the skin is the largest organ in the body, and it is a major component of the immune system.
These are the important points that you must know about CBD for dogs and the methods for administering CBD oil for pets.