The craze for cannabidiol infused products is on a rise and this is due to its many medical benefits without having any kinds of side effects. This has resulted in the introduction of a plethora of CBD products for both humans as well as animals; one of the most popular items is CBD oil and this is due to its versatility in usage. Besides, manufacturers are conducting research to find its other unidentified benefits because of this demand. This primer will clarify general doubts about the CBD product, vet CBD; read ahead to know more.
Is CBD For Pets Legal?
Even though CBD is legal at a federal level, it is still illegal in some states and the drug laws regarding it vary between states. For it to be completely legal, it must be legal at both federal and state levels. Also, in states where it is legal veterinarians cannot discuss it with their clients unless they are asked about it. However, due to the unprecedented demand and growth of this market, states are gradually amending their drug laws to make cannabidiol usage legal.
How CBD For Pets Work?
CBD for pets work by enhancing the endocannabinoid system (ECS) which is a network of endogenous endocannabinoids that work as neurotransmitters and this is common for all vertebrate mammals. The ECS is deemed to be responsible for neuroprotection, immunomodulation, gastrointestinal activity, metabolic balance and many homeostatic functions. A deficiency in any of these essential endocannabinoids causes diseases and CBD helps to fix these deficiencies.
Does Vet CBD Make Cats And Dogs High?
Cannabidiol is not psychotropic and will not make your pets high, but you must ensure that the vet CBD product does not contain THC as it is derived from the hemp plant. This is because, animals like dogs have high amounts of CB1 receptors in the cerebellum of their brain, and this makes them highly sensitive to THC. Even though it is not toxic, it causes secondary dangers like aspiration pneumonia or falling.
The Pharmacokinetics Of Phytocannabinoids In Cats And Dogs
The efficiency of giving CBD for pets depend on how it is administered and optimal therapeutic effect is achieved through trans-mucosal delivery i.e. it enters the bloodstream through the oral mucous membrane. This bypasses the first pass metabolism by CYP450 liver enzyme and increases its bioavailability. However, it has the disadvantage of reducing the metabolic efficiency of the liver and increasing the risk for toxic build-up of pharmaceutical drugs in your pets body if it is taking any medicines. So, it is very important for pet owners to consult with the veterinarians before giving CBD for their cats or dogs and not all pets require cannabidiol as a dietary supplement.
Dosage Of Vet CBD
The dosage efficiency for pure CBD for pets is a bell shaped curve, i.e. the maximum effect is at a moderate dosage, but it reduces at both higher and lower doses. So, a trial and error method is required to identify the optimal dosage for your pet and it depends on multiple physiological factors of which body weight is the most important one. Also, the dosage can fluctuate over time depending on changing needs. It is used for relieving pain, reducing inflammation, treating gastrointestinal problems like ulcers, stimulating appetite, improving overall health etc. You begin with micro doses and increase the amount at intervals of one week until the desired effect is achieved.
Listed below are the general vet CBD doses for different ailments based on bodyweight
- Micro (0.1 mg/kg) – anxiety, stress, fear, muscle tension, muscle pain, behavioural issues
- Medium (0.2-0.5 mg/kg) – muscle spasms, osteoarthritis, moderate pain
- High (0.5-1.0 mg/kg) – degenerative myelopathy, idiopathic epilepsy, tremors, neurogenic pain, diabetes regulation
- Ultra (1.0-5.0 mg/kg) – refractory pain, refractory epilepsy, hospice care, anti-neoplastic
It is obvious from above that the dosage is dependent on the severity of ailment and you must bear in mind that it can slightly vary with other external factors such as stress etc. The dosage also depends on the type of extract used in the product i.e. full-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate. Based on your pets tolerance level, a high dose can cause side effects like mild diarrhoea. In some cases this disappears after some time as the body gets adapted to cannabidiol. Moreover, in another study it was found that long term administration of vet CBD increased alkaline phosphatase in some dogs.
What Is Full-Spectrum CBD And CBD Isolate?
A full-spectrum CBD extract contains all the phytocannabinoids in the hemp plant including THC and you must be aware of this. This must be taken into consideration for dogs as they have higher levels of CB1 receptors in the brain that are sensitive to THC. CBD isolate, as the name indicates is 99% pure CBD and uses a carrier oil such as MCT, coconut or olive oil to increase cannabidiols bioavailability. These are administered trans-mucosal due to better efficiency and is the recommended method by veterinarians.
With the overwhelming demand for vet CBD, more products are introduced into the market and more research is conducted to make it part of regular pet health supplements.